The most cultivated areas are China, India, Japan and South Asia. Although it can be grown anywhere in Myanmar, it is widely grown in Shan State due to the favorable climate.
Mustard seeds can be grown all year round in areas with moderate rainfall throughout the cold season. Land reclamation When cultivating, 6 seedlings of 25 × 2.5 feet will be enough for one acre. Ditches should be 4 inches deep on the frame and 4 inches apart.
One ounce of seed (28 kg) yields about 1,500-2,000 plants and consumes about 200 g of seed per acre. Cultivation It is better to grow mustard seeds directly from seed.
The ideal spacing between rows is 2.5 × 1.8 feet. In hot weather, cover the seedbed with a thin layer of straw. It must be removed when the plants sprout.
The seed rate should be 5 seeds per pot and cover with soil. Planting Plant for the first time when the seedlings have 3 leaves Leave 3 sticks in one pot and grind.
Leave two of the eight leaves, the second two. After 25 days of planting, combine and cultivate. Biscuits like to stay moist, but are afraid of getting wet. Bacterial diseases include tuberculosis and stem rot.
Be careful not to damage the roots as the mustard root is only above ground. Root damage is due to the susceptibility to soil diseases. As much as possible, weeding should be done as few times as possible.
Harvesting When the mustard seeds are wrapped and hardened, they should be harvested first. Prolonged use of the plant may cause the package to crack and rot. Remove the outermost discolored leaves from the package.
To protect the package, you need to pick the bottom 3 leaves. Seed extraction Good packages can be harvested and sold, and the remaining stumps can be transplanted to produce seeds. The mustard seed pods must be in the correct shape, packed, and free from disease.